Robert's Rules of Order Revised
by General Henry M. Robert
1915 Version, Public Domain
: The copyright on the original 1915 version has expired. However, the modifications and enhancements to this work are Copyright © 1996 Constitution Society
. Permission is hereby granted to any person to copy and use this material on a non-profit basis with attribution, and in particular, with the retention of links to the site of the Constitution Society or its successors on the World Wide Web. One of the modifications made to the original document is the substitution for page numbers of section and paragraph numbers, using the format mm:nn
, where mm
is the section number and nn
the paragraph number. Footnotes have been numbered and moved to the end of sections. The Order of Precedence of Motions and the Table of Rules Relating to Motions have also been reformatted and revised to adapt them to the needs of an online document.]
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Table of Contents
Order of Precedence of Motions.
(OPM)Table of Rules Relating to Motions.
(INT) Parliamentary Law
(PAR)Plan of the Work
(DEF)Part I.- Rules of Order.Art. I.
- How Business is Conducted in Deliberative Assemblies. 1
. Introduction of Business2
. What Precedes Debate3
. Obtaining the Floor4
. Motions and Resolutions5
. Seconding Motions6
. Stating the Question7
. Secondary Motions9
. Putting the Question and Announcing the Vote10
. Proper Motions to Use to Accomplish Certain ObjectsArt. II.
- General Classification of Motions. 11
. Main or Principal Motions12
. Subsidiary Motions13
. Incidental Motions14
. Privileged Motions15
. Some Main and Unclassified MotionsArt. III.
- Privileged Motions. 16
. Fix the Time to which the Assembly shall Adjourn17
. Take a Recess19
. Questions of Privilege20
. General and Special Orders and a Call for the Orders of the DayArt. IV.
- Incidental Motions. 21
. Questions of Order and Appeal22
. Suspension of the Rules23
. Objection to the Consideration of a Question24
. Division of a Question, and Consideration by Paragraph or Seriatim25
. Division of the Assembly, and Motions relating to Methods of Voting, or to Closing or Reopening the Polls26
. Motions relating to Methods of Making, or to Closing or to Reopening Nominations27
. Requests growing out of Business Pending or that has just been pending, as, a Parliamentary Inquiry, a Request for Information, for Leave to Withdraw a Motion to Read Papers, to be Excused from a Duty, or for any other PrivilegeArt. V.
- Subsidiary Motions. 28
. Lay on the Table29
. The Previous Question30
. Limit or Extend Limits of Debate31
. Postpone Definitely, or to a Certain Time32
. Commit or Refer, or Recommit33
. Postpone IndefinitelyArt. VI.
- Some Main and Unclassified Motions. 35
. Take from the Table36
. Renewal of a Motion39
. Dilatory, Absurd, or Frivolous Motions41
. Call of the HouseArt. VII.
- Debate. 42
. Decorum in Debate44
. Closing and Preventing Debate45
. Principles of Debate and Undebatable MotionsArt. VIII.
- Vote. 46
. Votes that are Null and Void even if Unanimous48
. Motions requiring more than a Majority VoteArt. IX.
- Committees and Boards. 49
. Committees Classified50
. Boards of Managers, etc., and Executive Committees51
. Ex-Officio Members of Boards and Committees52
. Committees, Special and Standing53
. Reception of Reports54
. Adoption or Acceptance of Reports55
. Committee of the Whole56
. As if in Committee of the Whole57
. Informal ConsiderationArt. X.
- The Officers and the Minutes. 58
. Chairman or President59
. Secretary or Clerk60
. The Minutes61
. Executive Secretary62
. TreasurerArt. XI.
- Miscellaneous. 63
. Order of Business66
. Nominations and Elections67
. Constitutions, By-laws, Rules of Order, and Standing Rules68
. Amendments of Constitutions, By-laws, and Rules of OrderPart II.- Organization, Meetings, and Legal Rights of Assemblies.Art. XII.
- Organization and Meetings. 69
. An Occasional or Mass Meeting (a)
Adoption of Resolutions(c)
Committee to draft Resolutions(d)
Semi-Permanent Mass Meeting70
. A Permanent Society. (a)
. Meeting of a Convention. (a)
An Organized Convention(b)
A Convention not yet OrganizedArt. XIII.
- Legal Rights of Assemblies and Trial of Their Members. 72
. Right of an Assembly to Punish its Members73
. Right of an Assembly to Eject any one from its Place of Meeting74
. Rights of Ecclesiastical Tribunals75
. Trial of Members of SocietiesPlan for Study of Parliamentary Law.
(PLN) IntroductionLesson Outlines