UA Survey: Sexism was a factor in the 2016 election

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Did sexism play a role in Donald Trump's defeat of Hillary Clinton in 2016?

Analysis of post-election polling says yes.

Fake news, the Trumpers will say, because the research was done by the Diane D. Blair Center of Southern Politics and Society at the University of Arkansas. It's named for one of Hillary Clinton's closest friends, the late UA poli sci professor Dianne Blair. (I'm not subscribing to this view, just getting the instant rejection of it from the Trump side out of the way.)

Here's the full report.

DR. ANGIE MAXWELL: Director of Blair Center.
  • DR. ANGIE MAXWELL: Director of Blair Center.
Angie Maxwell, director of the Blair Center, oversaw the polling of 3,668 people after the election. Slate boils it down:

She used five questions from a survey tool known as the Modern Sexism Scale devised in 1995. The questions were developed to get around the growing unwillingness of people to give unvarnished answers to questions, say, about opinions of intellectual abilities of minorities. Questions were devised to get at attitudes without being quite so obvious. In this case, the degree of agreement or disagreement was sought on these statements:

Many women are actually seeking special favors, such as hiring policies that favor them over men, under the guise of asking for “equality.”

Most women interpret innocent remarks or acts as being sexist.

Feminists are seeking for women to have more power than men.

When women lose to men in a fair competition, they typically complain about being discriminated against.

Discrimination against women is no longer a problem in the United States.

The results? Says Slate:

... sexism absolutely did matter. Trump’s voters were more sexist than Clinton’s (and Ted Cruz voters were even more sexist than Trump voters). Republicans were far more sexist than Democrats. White respondents were more sexist than black Americans and Latinos. Female respondents, not to be outdone, were also quite sexist! And Bernie primary voters who didn’t vote for Clinton in the general were more sexist than those who did.
Major national polling has consistently found people believe we'll soon have a woman president. Are they being truthful? Or just kidding themselves?

More specifics from this analysis:

A total of 36.2 percent of the entire sample—male, female, Democrat, Republican, black, white, Latino—answered in such a way as to be classified as “sexist.” Meanwhile, 16.7 percent were “neutral.” (And if you look at those statements, it becomes clear that anybody who gives a “neutral” response to them is actually probably fairly sexist.)

It’s important to note that the numbers don’t break down cleanly along gender lines. Only 41.2 percent of the male sample responded in a nonsexist way while 52.5 percent of women did. That means almost half of the female respondents in the sample appear to hold negative views of feminism and working women. (Don’t forget: 53 percent of white female voters went for Trump in 2016. Anti-feminism—which, as historian Marjorie Spruill points out, grew in tandem with feminism in the 1970s—is strong.)
The survey found that fewer Sanders voters were sexist than Clinton voters in the primary. But Sanders voters who went for Trump had higher sexism scores. Generally, a higher sexism score was a reliable predictor of a general election vote.

Rebecca Onion, who wrote the Slate article, commented:
I confessed to Maxwell that these results have me depressed. “Modern Sexism is really about animosity and distrust toward successful women,” she said. “Because if you’re answering ‘yes’ to these statements, that you think they’re trying to get favors and they’re pretending about inequality … it’s distrust, it’s animosity, it’s resentment and frustration.” That's why Donald Trump calls Elizabeth Warren “Pocahontas”—it’s a way of signaling that if she’s a powerful woman, she must also be a pandering liar. Working women have gone from “incapable” to “sly and corrupt.” I’m not sure it’s an upgrade.
Grab some p**** y'all. It's a winner.


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